Pediatric Retinal Disorders

Pediatric Retinal Disorders

Retinal disorders in children are different than those in adults.

retinadisorders
Picture 1: A severe retinal injury after the accident (scar development)

OPHTHALMOLOGISTS DIAGNOSE AND TREAT:

  • Retinopathy of prematurity
  • Coats’ disease
  • uveitis
  • sickle cell disease
  • retinoblastoma
  • hemangioma
  • infectious retinal diseases
  • sensory retinal disorders (i.e. achromatopsia, Leber congenital amaurosis)
  • degenerative retinal disorders (i.e. juvenile retinoschisis)
  • congenital malformations of the optic nerve and retina (i.e. coloboma or optic nerve hypoplasia)
  • trauma to the eye including retinal detachment
  • retinal detachment
  • retinal disorders that diagnose systemic disease (i.e. Aicardi syndrome)

WHAT IS A RETINAL DISORDER?

A retinal disorder occurs when the retina malfunctions. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue on the inside and back of the eye. Vision originates in the retina, which contains photoreceptor cells that convert light into electrical impulses. These impulses are the visual information or "pictures" that travel to the brain via the optic nerve. Most retinal disorders involve a disruption in the transmission of these impulses.

There are many kinds of retinal disorders, with a wide variety of causes and symptoms.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF RETINAL DISORDERS?

Symptoms include:

  • a white pupil
  • a loss or partial loss of vision
  • night blindness
  • a shower of black floaters in vision
  • sudden, persistent flashing lights
  • an intolerance of light

HOW ARE RETINAL DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?

To diagnose retinal disorders, a full ophthalmologic examination is required, with the retina dilated for evaluation. Other tests may include:

TREATMENT

The treatment of retinal disorders varies widely, depending on the type of disease.

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